2023 WAEC Government Essay & OBJ Answers [8th June]
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WAEC May/June 2023 FREE GOVERNMENT QUESTION AND ANSWER ROOM [School Candidates] 2023

Thursday, 8th June, 2023
Government 2 (Essay) – 09:30am – 11:30am
Government 1 (Objective) – 11:30am – 12:30pm


2023 WAEC GOVERNMENT ESSAY (THEORY) ANSWERS:

(1)
(PICK ANY FIVE)
(i) Legislative Function: The government, through the National Assembly (comprising the Senate and House of Representatives), is responsible for creating and passing laws that govern the nation. This function includes initiating, debating, amending, and enacting laws that promote order, justice, and the overall welfare of the citizens.

(ii) Executive Function: The government is responsible for implementing and enforcing laws and policies. The President, as the head of the executive branch, is tasked with executing and managing government programs and ensuring the smooth functioning of various government agencies and departments.

(iii) Judicial Function: The government provides a judicial system that ensures justice and the rule of law. It establishes courts and tribunals, appoints judges, and administers justice by interpreting and applying the law in resolving disputes, protecting rights, and punishing offenders.

(iv) Security and Defense: The government is responsible for safeguarding the nation's security and defending it from internal and external threats. This includes maintaining law and order, protecting citizens' lives and property, and ensuring national defense through military and security agencies.

(v) Economic Management: The government plays a crucial role in managing the economy. It formulates and implements economic policies, regulations, and frameworks to promote economic growth, stability, and development. This involves areas such as fiscal policy, monetary policy, trade policy, and investment promotion.

(vi) Social Welfare: The government is responsible for providing social welfare programs and services to enhance the well-being of its citizens. This includes initiatives in areas such as education, healthcare, housing, social security, poverty alleviation, and support for vulnerable populations.

(vii) Infrastructure Development: The government undertakes the task of developing and maintaining infrastructure, including transportation networks (roads, railways, airports, ports), energy systems, water supply, and communication networks. Infrastructure development is vital for economic growth, connectivity, and improving the quality of life for citizens.

(viii) Public Services: The government provides various public services to meet the needs of its citizens. This includes services such as public education, healthcare, transportation, utilities (water, electricity), public safety (police, fire services), waste management, and environmental protection.


(2)
(PICK ANY FIVE)
(i) Insufficient Resources: Inadequate allocation of resources, including funding, infrastructure, and personnel, can severely impede the effective functioning of the justice system. Lack of resources can result in overcrowded courts, understaffed judicial bodies, and limited access to legal aid, undermining the system's ability to deliver timely justice.

(ii) Corruption and Bribery: The presence of corruption and bribery within the justice system can erode public trust and confidence. When judges, lawyers, or court personnel are susceptible to external influences or engage in corrupt practices, it undermines the fairness and impartiality of the justice delivery system.

(iii) Lack of Access to Legal Services: Unequal access to legal services, particularly for marginalized and economically disadvantaged individuals, poses a significant challenge. Limited availability of legal aid, high legal costs, and inadequate representation can result in unequal access to justice, favoring those with greater resources.

(iv) Complexity and Lengthy Procedures: Complex and lengthy legal procedures can deter individuals from seeking justice. When legal processes are convoluted and time-consuming, it discourages people from pursuing their rights and can lead to frustration and a lack of faith in the justice system.

(v) Inadequate Judicial Training: The effectiveness of the justice delivery system relies on well-trained and competent judges and legal professionals. Insufficient training programs and professional development opportunities can hinder the system's ability to interpret and apply laws effectively, impacting the quality of judgments and decisions.

(vi) Political Interference: Undue political influence on the justice system can compromise its independence and impartiality. When politicians interfere in judicial appointments, case proceedings, or verdicts, it undermines the integrity of the justice delivery system and erodes public trust.

(vii) Inadequate Alternative Dispute Resolution Mechanisms: A lack of accessible and efficient alternative dispute resolution mechanisms, such as mediation and arbitration, can burden the formal justice system. When people are unable to resolve their disputes through alternative means, it increases the caseload of the courts and contributes to delays in justice delivery.

(viii) Backlog of Cases: One of the significant challenges faced by the justice delivery system is the accumulation of a large number of pending cases. This backlog can lead to significant delays in the resolution of disputes, undermining the system's efficiency and eroding public trust.


(4)
(PICK ANY FIVE)
(i) Formation of Political Values and Beliefs: Political socialization helps individuals develop their political values and beliefs, which are essential for making informed political choices. Through family, education, media, and peer groups, individuals acquire knowledge about political systems, ideologies, and policies, enabling them to form opinions and make decisions in a democratic society.

(ii) Promotion of Political Awareness: Political socialization raises awareness about political issues, events, and processes. It exposes individuals to various sources of information, such as news, debates, and discussions, which helps them stay informed about political developments. This awareness enables citizens to actively engage in political debates, analyze different perspectives, and make informed decisions during elections and other democratic processes.

(iii) Encouragement of Active Citizenship: Political socialization encourages individuals to become active participants in the democratic process. By instilling a sense of civic duty, political socialization motivates citizens to vote, join political parties or interest groups, engage in public protests, and participate in community-based initiatives. Active citizenship is vital for a functioning democracy as it ensures that diverse voices and interests are represented and considered in decision-making processes.

(iv) Fostering Political Tolerance and Pluralism: Political socialization contributes to the development of political tolerance and respect for diverse viewpoints. Through exposure to different ideologies, cultures, and perspectives, individuals learn to appreciate and accept political diversity. This tolerance fosters open dialogue, compromise, and cooperation among citizens with differing opinions, which are fundamental for the functioning of a democratic society.

(v) Generation of Political Legitimacy: Political socialization helps establish political legitimacy by cultivating citizens' trust and confidence in democratic institutions and processes. When individuals are socialized to understand the principles and values underlying democracy, they are more likely to accept and respect the outcomes of elections, abide by the rule of law, and actively engage in civic and political activities. This legitimacy strengthens the democratic system, enhances political stability, and facilitates effective governance.

(vi) Development of Political Identity: Political socialization helps individuals develop their political identity, which is crucial for their engagement in democratic processes. Through exposure to various socializing agents such as family, education, and media, individuals acquire a sense of belonging to a particular political ideology, party, or movement.

(vii) Transmission of Democratic Values: Political socialization plays a vital role in transmitting democratic values to individuals from an early age. Family, educational institutions, and social networks help instill values such as freedom, equality, fairness, and justice, which form the foundation of democratic principles.

(7a)
(PICK ANY ONE)
Political leadership refers to the role and responsibilities of individuals who hold positions of authority and influence within the realm of politics. It encompasses the ability to lead, guide, and make decisions that shape the political landscape and governance of a country, region, or community.

OR

Political leadership refers to the process and practice of guiding and influencing political processes and activities towards achieving specific goals within the realm of politics. It involves individuals who hold positions of authority or influence within political systems and who use their power to shape policies, make decisions, and mobilize support.

(7b)
(PICK ANY FOUR)
(i) Integrity: Good political leaders are honest, ethical, and demonstrate a strong sense of integrity. They act in the best interest of the public and uphold high moral and ethical standards.

(ii) Vision and Strategic Thinking: Effective political leaders have a clear vision for the future and are capable of strategic thinking. They can envision and articulate a compelling long-term direction for their country or community.

(iii) Strong Communication Skills: Good political leaders are excellent communicators. They can effectively convey their ideas, inspire others, and build consensus. They actively listen to diverse perspectives and engage in constructive dialogue.

(iv) Emotional Intelligence: Political leaders with emotional intelligence are aware of their own emotions and can manage them effectively. They also demonstrate empathy and understanding towards the needs and concerns of the people they serve.

(v) Leadership and Decision-Making: Good political leaders possess strong leadership skills. They have the ability to make informed and timely decisions, even in challenging or complex situations.

(vi) Problem-Solving and Innovation: Effective political leaders are adept at problem-solving. They can identify key issues and challenges, develop creative solutions, and take decisive action.

(vii) Resilience and Perseverance: Good political leaders exhibit resilience and perseverance in the face of adversity. They remain committed to their vision and goals, even when confronted with obstacles or setbacks.

(9)
(PICK ANY FIVE)
(i) Imposition of Colonial Rule: European powers, such as Britain, France, and Germany, imposed direct colonial rule over various West African territories during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. This resulted in the loss of sovereignty and political independence for the indigenous states and societies.

(ii) Administrative Reorganization: Colonial powers reorganized the political and administrative structures of West African territories to suit their interests. They established centralized bureaucratic systems, replacing or co-opting existing traditional systems of governance.

(iii) Creation of Artificial Boundaries: Colonial powers drew arbitrary boundaries without considering the ethnic, cultural, or historical realities of the region. This resulted in the division of ethnic groups and communities across multiple colonies, leading to fragmented and diverse political landscapes.

(iv) Emergence of Nationalist Movements: The experience of colonial rule and the denial of political rights and self-determination fueled the growth of nationalist movements. These movements sought to challenge colonial domination and fought for independence and self-governance.

(v) Political Education and Awareness: The colonial period witnessed the emergence of educated elites who received Western-style education and were exposed to political ideas such as nationalism, self-determination, and democracy.

(vi) Transition to Statehood: The political impacts of colonial administration laid the groundwork for the eventual transition to statehood. Through nationalist struggles and diplomatic negotiations, West African territories gained independence from colonial rule.

(vi) Legacy of Colonial Borders and Divisions: The artificial borders established by colonial powers have had lasting impacts on the political dynamics in West Africa. Post-colonial states have had to grapple with issues of ethnic diversity, boundary disputes, and the legacy of colonial rule, which continue to shape political realities in the region. 


2023 WAEC GOVERNMENT OBJECTIVES (OBJ) ANSWERS

1-10: CBCCDAADCA
11-20: BCDABCAAAB
21-30: CDCBCDDACD
31-40: ABCDBBBCDA
41-50: BDCCABDCAC


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TO SUBSCRIBE FOR GOVERNMENT OBJ AND THEORY ANSWERS VIA LINK
  1. JUST GO OUT AND BUY MTN CARDS OF N800 (400 + 400 = 800)
  2. GO TO YOUR MESSAGE, TYPE THE CARD PINS CORRECTLY AND SEND TO 08107431933.
  3. DON'T CALL, JUST TEXT, IF THE CARDS PINS ARE VALID, A REPLY WILL BE SENT TO YOU CONFIRMING THAT YOU HAVE BEEN SUBSCRIBED.
  4. RELAX AND WAIT FOR YOUR ANSWERS 30MINUTES BEFORE EXAM STARTS OR AFTER EXAM STARTS.
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