2022 NECO Agric Science (Essay & OBJ) Answers [29th July]
Get Free Live 2022 NECO June/July Agricultural Science (AGRIC) OBJ & THEORY Questions and Answers Free of Charge | NECO June/July Free Agric Science (Objectives and Theory) Questions and Answers EXPO Room (29th July, 2022).
NECO JUNE/JULY 2022 FREE AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE (AGRIC) QUESTION AND ANSWER ROOM 
 
Friday 29th July 2022
Agricultural Science (Objective & Essay)
10:00am – 12:30pm


2022 NECO AGRIC SCIENCE (OBJECTIVE) ANSWERS:

1-10: ACBADEBDDC
11-20: EAABACACED
21-30: CBBDBECDBC
31-40: ABDCABDBDC
41-50: ABDADCBBAD
51-60: AECEEDACEB

2022 NECO AGRIC SCIENCE (ESSAY / THEORY) ANSWERS:

(SECTION A)
(2a)
Agriculture is simply defined as the art and science that deal with the cultivation of crops and rearing of animals for man's use. In other words agriculture is also defined as the deliberate effort made by man to till the soil,cultivate crops and rest animals for food and other purposes.

(2b)
(Pick Any Six)
(i)International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) Oyo state ,Nigeria.
(ii)Nigerian Institute for Oceanography and Marine Research (NIOMR). Victoria Island ,Lagos state.
(iii)Institute of Agricultural Research and Training (IAR&T) Ibadan, Nigeria.
(iv)National Cereal Research Institute (NCRI) Niger state Nigeria.
(v)National Horticultural Research Institute (NIHORT) oyo state, Nigeria.
(vi)Rubber Research Institute of Nigeria (RRIN) Benin city, Edo state.
(vii)Nigerian Institute for Oil Palm Research (NIFOR) Benin city, Edo state.

(2c)
(Pick Any Five)
(i) Check water levels daily and top it when necessary
(ii) Check oil level daily and top it when necessary
(iii)Keep Tractor clean by removing all trashes or mud from it.
(iv)Inspect the tractor every day before starting
(v) Check electrolyte of battery every day and top when necessary.
(vi) Adhere strictly to manual or manufacturers instructions
(vii)Do not overload the tractor i.e operate at appropriate speed for farm operations.

(2d)
(Pick ANY THREE)
(i)Health of the animal/diseases Food intake.
(ii)Breed of the animal/genetic make-up Weight of the animal.
(iii)Age of the animal.
(iv)Poor management of the animal Harness used for hitching.
(iv)Sex of the animal.
(v)Training given to the animal Climate/environmental factors Pests

(SECTION C)
(6a)
(Pick any four)
(i) To increase high yield or quantity of crops
(ii) To improve the quality of farm produce
(iii) To increase resistance to diseases in crops
(iv) To produce crops with uniform agronomic characteristics
(v) To breed crops with early maturity
(vi)To improve crops harvesting quantities

(6b)
(Pick Any Three)
(i) Persistence
(ii) Aggressiveness
(iii) Resistance to Trampling
(iv) seed viability
(v) Resistance to Drought
(vi) Pests and diseases

(6ci)
(Pick Any Two)
(i) established private horticultural garden
(ii) government - owned horticultural centres
(iii) private houses and offices
(iv) imported ornamental trees and flowers
(v) Resort or recreational centres
(vi) higher institutions' botanical gardens' .

(6cii)
(Pick Any Three)
(i) provision of shade
(ii) Regular watering
(iii) Regular weeding
(iv) fertilizer application
(v)Regular pruning

(6di)
Causal organism:
It is caused by a fungus phytophthora spp

(6dii)
One symptom:
(Pick any one)

(i) rottening of the bark near the ground
(ii) drying and cracking of bark
(iii)Leaves turn yellow and begin to die back

(6diii)
Mode of transmission:
It is spread by air and through the soil.

(6div)
One control measure:
(Pick Any one)

(i) use resistant varieties
(ii) spray with appropriate fungicides
(iii)paint the trunk with crude cabolic and water

(SECTION B)
(4ai)
Sandy soil

(4aii)
Clay soil

(4aiii)
Clay soil

(4aiv)
Loamy soil

(4b)
(Pick Any Four)
(i) Clean clearing practice
(ii) overgrazing
(iii) bush burning
(iv) Tillage practice
(v) Deforestation

(4c)
(Pick Any Three)
(i)The action of volcanoes which releases carbon dioxide
(ii) Burning of fuel like coal and wood
(iii) The respiration by plant and animals
(iv) The death ,decay and putrefaction of plants and animals
(v) Diffusion of carbon dioxide from seas and other bodies of water,acting as reservoir of carbon dioxide

(4d)
(Pick Any Five)
(i) It occupies good land(space) that could have been used for planting.
(ii)They hinder the passage of machines like tractors.
(iii) They are prone to fully erosion.
(iv) It requires frequent maintenance.
(v) It increases the cost of crop production.
(vi) It is expensive and difficult to establish.

(SECTION C)
(5a)
(Pick Any Three)
(i) forest regulations
(ii) selective exploration
(iii) deforestation
(iv) regeneration
(v) afforestation
(vi) taungya system

(5b)
(Pick Any Three)
(i) some beneficial insects and soil organisms may be destroyed.
(ii) The chemical used may be toxic to man and domestic animals
(iii) It may leave. undesirable residue in the environment.
(iv)Pest may develop resistance to chemical.
(v) some are washed out of soil to rivers and streams where they can endanger aquatic life and cause pollution .

(5ci)
Soil requirements:
(i) Deep , fertile well drained laomy soil
(ii) loose and friable with high water retention
(ii)Cocoa grows best in areas with 1140 - 2000mm annual rainfall, well distributed most of the year
(iii)Needs constant supply of moisture

(5cii)
Method of propagation:
(i) By seeds
(ii) Vegetatively by budding and stem cutting

(5ciii)
Planting date:
Nursery is done October to January. Field(transplanting) between April and June

(5iv)
Spacing:
(i)Nursery : 20cm × 20cm
(ii)Field : 3m × 3m

(5v)
Two stage of processing:

(i) Breaking of pods: The pods are carefully opened with a blunt cutlass or by hitting them with heavy rod to remove from the cocoa beans

(ii) Fermentation: Cocoa beans can be fermented by using the sweat box or tray method for about five days. During the fermentation process, cocoa beans undergo chemical changes brought by the action of heat.

(5d)
(Pick Any Four)
(i) weeds cause losses in crop yield.
(ii) Reduce the quality of crop products.
(iii)weeds lead to increased cost of farm operations thereby leasing to inefficiency of farm operations.
(iv) form alternative hosts for pest.
(v) certain weeds are poisonous and hence kill animals that feed on them.
(vi) Reduce the quality of crop products .

(SECTION D)
(7a)
(i) Treatment them with coccidiostat or anticoccidial drugs
(ii) prophylactic use of coccidiostat in feeds
(iii) vaccine and maintain good hygiene and sanitation practices

(7b)
(PICK ANY THREE)
(i) coccidiosis
(ii) Enteritis
(iii) Ear canker mange
(iv) Helminthiasis
(v) Ringworm
(vi) Sore hock
(vii) Mastitis

(7c)
(Pick Any Three)
(i)it is easier and less expensive than t mating since the farmer is saved the expense of maintaning a herd of male animals.
(ii)It is easier and cheaper to import the semen of exotic breeds rather than the male animals themselves.
(iii)It makes it possible to use the best male animal to a large extent.
(iv)It is possible to service many females of different sizes leading to the production of many offsprings.

(7d)
(Pick Any Four)
(i) Regular feeding
(ii)Deweeding of the pond
(iii) control of predators
(iv) Regular application of fertilizer
(v) constant supply of water
(vi) Regular harvesting of matured fish

(7ei)
(Pick Any One)
(i) Traditional method of bee keeping
(ii) Modern method of bee keeping

(7eii)
(Pick Any Two)
(i) location of apiaries far from human dwellings
(ii) putting warning symbols near apiaries
(iii) wearing of protection clothing
(iv) use of smokers

(SECTION E)
(10a)
(i) It is prone to financial misappropriation
(ii) it does not always encourage individual enterprise
(iii)It is prone to poor management due to unqualified and incompetent executive handling the cooperative societies.

(10b)
(PICK ANY FIVE)
(i) A good extension worker must have the native intelligence to be original in his thoughts, words and actions
(ii) A good extension worker must be patient and able to inspire the rural farmers to achieve the goals.
(iii) A good extension worker must have initiative to tackle problems himself before referring them to supervisor.
(iv)A good extension worker must possess good communication skills.
(v)A good extension worker must have respect for culture and Traditions.
(vi)A good extension worker should be able to attend all pre-arranged meetings, seminars workshops etc promptly

(10c)
(PICK ANY FOUR)
(i) Cooperative societies
(ii) Marketing/commodity boards
(iii) wholesalers) Distributor
(iv) Individual/private middlemen
(v) Retailers
(vi) Producers/Farmers

(10d)
(PICK ANY FOUR)
(i)sales account
(ii)purchase account
(iii)farm valuation
(iv)Cash analysis account
(v)Farm income statement
(vi) Balance sheet networth statement
(vii)Profit and loss account


TO SUBSCRIBE FOR NECO AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE ANSWERS VIA LINK ONLY
  1. JUST GO OUT AND BUY MTN CARDS OF N600 (200 + 200 + 200 = 600)
  2. GO TO YOUR MESSAGE, TYPE THE CARD PINS CORRECTLY AND SEND TO 08107431933.
  3. DON'T CALL, JUST TEXT, IF THE CARDS PINS ARE VALID, A REPLY WILL BE SENT TO YOU CONFIRMING THAT YOU HAVE BEEN SUBSCRIBED.
  4. RELAX AND WAIT FOR YOUR ANSWERS 30MINUTES BEFORE EXAM STARTS OR AFTER EXAM STARTS.
  5. NB: DO NOT SEND USED CARD PINS OR YOUR NUMBER WILL BE BLACKLISTED.

NB: ONLINE ANSWERS COMES 1hr After Exam Commences (KEEP REFRESHING THIS PAGE)


NB: Only Share this Page with Trusted Students, We will be hiding this paAge immediately exam ends and a new page will be created for the upcoming exam. Kindly do well to bookmark the site and check back later.
===============================================
DAILY SUBSCRIPTION - PER SUBJECTS
*******Link Payment Per Subject: N600***** [Gets Answers On Time]
******Link Payment Per Practical: N400***** [Gets Answers On Time]
===========================================