2022 NECO Tourism (OBJ & Essay) Answers [11th August]
Get Free Live 2022 NECO June/July Tourism (TRISM) OBJ & Essay Questions and Answers Free of Charge | NECO June/July Free Tourism (Objectives and Theory) Questions and Answers EXPO Room (11th August, 2022).
NECO JUNE/JULY 2022 FREE TOURISM OBJ & ESSAY (TOURISM) QUESTION AND ANSWER ROOM 
 
Thursday 11th August, 2022
Paper III & II: Objective & Essay – Tourism
10:00am-1:30pm
 

A. 2022 NECO TOURISM (OBJECTIVES) ANSWERS

1-10: BABCCDEBAA
11-20: DCBEBCABCA
21-30: ABEDCBEAAB
31-40: BBDBAEABBE
41-50: AACCACACAC
51-60: AEAADAAE**

B. 2022 NECO TOURISM (THEORY) ANSWERS:

(1)
(Pick  Any Five)
(i)Formulation of Policies: The senior administrative and technical civil servants help to formulate the policies and programmes of the government. These are presented to the ministers and commissioners for consideration and final decisions.

(ii)Implementation of government policies:The top civil servants coordinate and supervise their subordinates to ensure the smooth execution of the policies and programmes of government. This ensures the provision of amenities to improve the health, education, social and general life of their people.

(iii)Keeping government records and property:Civil servants gather and supply very useful information on which government policies and programmes are based. They keep and preserve government property.

(iv)Public Enlightenment:The civil service helps to explain government policies to the members of the public. They carry out public enlightenment especially through the mass media to enable the people to appreciate government policies and programmes, and problems facing the government.

(v)Quasi-judicial functions: The civil service performs some quasi-judicial functions such as the arrest and prosecution of smugglers (by custom officials). Public health and rent control officers often inspect residential and commercial houses to ascertain their level of cleanliness and curb exorbitant rent demanded by landlords.

(vi)Advice to the ministers/commissioners: The top civil servants act as advisers to the ministers and commissioners in charge of their ministries. Their relevant expertise and experience afford them the opportunity of providing dependable guide and information on complex government policies and programmes

(vii)Collection of revenue:
The civil service assists the government to generate funds through the collection of taxes paid by citizens and corporate organizations, fines from the courts and duties paid by exporters and importers. This revenue enables the government to achieve its goals and objectives.

(2a)
Data data is a collection of discrete units of information in a conceptual model that in their most basic forms convey quantity, quality, fact, statistics, or other basic units of meaning. Data can be refers  as facts or figures, or information that's stored in or used by a computer.

(2bi)
Files: File is a collection of data stored in one unit, identified by a filename. It can be a document, picture, audio or video stream, data library, application, or other collection of data.Files can be opened, saved, deleted, and moved to different folders

(2bii)
Tapes: Tape is a magnetically thin coated piece of plastic wrapped around wheels capable of storing data. Tape is less expensive than other storage mediums, but also much slower because it is sequential access and is often used for backing up large amounts of data.

(2biii)
Optical disk: optical disk is a computer disk that uses optical storage techniques and technology to read and write data. It is a computer storage disk that stores data digitally and uses laser beams (transmitted from a laser head mounted on an optical disk drive) to read and write data.

(2biv)
magnetic tape: Magnetic tape is a storage medium that allows for data archiving, collection, and backup.  Magnetic tape is a medium for magnetic storage, made of a thin, magnetizable coating on a long, narrow strip of plastic film.It is also a system for storing digital information on magnetic tape using digital recording.

(2bv)
Computer: Computer is an electronic device that accept data as an input, process's the data and give out information as an output and store information in storage device for future use. It is also an electronic device for  storing and processing data, typically in binary form, according to instructions given to it in a variable program.
 
(3a)
Tourism product is the combination of accommodation, food and beverage, transportation, entertainment, and many other goods and services that are used throughout the trip

(3b)
(i) Accommodation. e.g apartment and  Hotel
(ii) Amenities e.g  water supply and  electric supply.
(iii) Attraction. e.g beaches and  national parks

(3c)
(Pick Any Three)

(i)Heterogeneous
Another characteristics of tourism product and services  is that it is heterogeneous. In tourism, tourists make use of several services, including transport, hotels, restaurants, car rentals, and many types of indoor and outdoor recreational activities. However, what a tourist experiences at one place is not similar to the one experienced at another place

(ii)Customer participation: In the tourism industry, the customer by all means would have to partake in the delivery of the service being offered, otherwise, the service delivery would never be complete.In the industry, a product is being sold and a product is being consumed; there is no way this can happen without the customer getting involved.

(iii)No ownership: The ownership of a tourism product or services is not transferable to the consumer. The consumer only owns the right to use the product because he has paid for it for a predetermined period of time or days. If a tourist pays for a hotel room, he or she has the right to use the room for the days that he or she paid for.

(iv)Inseparability: Another characteristics of  of tourism product and services is that it cannot be separated from the provider, that is, it is inseparable. If a tourist enters a restaurant and orders food or drink, the person who is bringing the food or drink cannot separate him or herself from the food or drink being brought to the customer.
 
(4a)
(Pick Any Five)

(i)Alok Ikom Monoliths, Cross River
(ii)Ogbunike Caves, Anambra
(iii)Ancient Kano City Walls
(iv)Oke Idanre Hills, Ondo
(v)Osun-Osogbo Grove
(vi)Sukur Cultural Landscape, Adamawa

(4b)
(i) Ogbunike cave and osun Oshogbo groove are both under UNESCO world heritage sites.
(ii)Both have streams and waters
(iii)They are  both sacred place
(iv)They are both natural heritage

(4c)
(i) It is a hilltop settlement which stood at an elevation of 1045 m.
(ii)The landscape is characterized by terraces on the farmlands, dry stone structures and stone paved walkways.
(iii)Sukur is an ancient settlement with a recorded history of iron smelting technology, flourishing trade, and strong political institution dating back to the 16th century.
(iv)The use of paved tracks and the spiritual content of the terraces, with their ritual features such as sacred trees.
(v)Sukur is an exceptional landscape that graphically illustrates a form of land-use that marks a critical stage in human settlement and its relationship with its environment.

(4d)
(i)It brings international attention to the need for the preservation and conservation of the site.
(ii)It brings tourism to the site, with its accompanying economic benefits to the host country and local area.
(iii)It can provide funds for restoration, preservation, and training.
(iv)It promotes national and local pride in the natural and man-made wonders of the country.
(v)It promotes close ties with the United Nations system and the prestige and support it provides.
(vi)It provides access to global project management resources.

(5ai)
Porter:

(i)Porter ensures their customers' smooth and tireless stay while in various facilities like a hotel or cruise ship.
(ii)They are responsible for creating a warm and welcoming environment


(5aii)
Waiter:

(i)waiter is to take orders from a customer and deliver the exact order to the customer
(ii)Waiters are a main source of help to tourists, especially when they are visiting a country or a restaurant for the first time.


(5aiii)
Chloreographer :

(i)Choreographer creates original dance movements and routines for performances and productions.
(ii)They also develop different interpretations of existing dances for an individual dancer or group of dancers

(5b)
(i)They both ensure safety of their customers and passenger
(ii) They play the role of welcoming their customers and passengers
(iii) They both ensure confont of their  customers and passenger
(iv) They both provide necessary instructions and guidelines to their customers and passengers

(5c)
(i)Financial support group.
Example;
Investors in the industry who do not have capital of their own, must of necessity go for facilities from the banks before they can travel

(ii)Transport facilities group
Example;
The service providers in this category are the airlines, the cruise ships, the bus operators, train companies, and car hiring companies

(iii)Health services
 Example;
Any tourist on a tour journey can develop a problem with the tommy and need a first aid. This is why hospitals, clinics, and other levels of health facilities are important.

(iv)Security services
Example:
Tourists are targets for thieves and armed robbers so they need to be protected from such unscrupulous elements in the host country

(v)Accommodation and food:
Example;
The support group that takes care of this includes the hotels, hostels, Bread & Breakfast facilities, and restaurants, etc.
 
(8ai)
cottage industry is a small-scale, decentralized manufacturing business often operated out of a home rather than a purpose-built facility. Cottage industries are defined by the amount of investment required to start, as well as the number of people employed.


(8aii)
(Pick Any Four)

(i)rice
(ii)corn
(iii)wheat
(iv)timber/plywood
(v)gravel/clay
(vi) fuel wood

(8b)
(Pick Any Four)

(i)National Directorate of Employment (NDE)
(ii)Small and Medium Enterprise Development Agency of Nigeria (SMEDAN)
(iii)National Institute for Hospitality and Tourism (NIHOTOUR)
(iv)National Institute for Cultural Orientation (NICO)
(v)Ushafa Pottery Centre


(8c)
(i)Small and medium enterprise Development Agency of Nigeria involves in Promoting and facilitating development programmes , instruments and support to accelerate the development modernization of ministry of Micro, small and medium Enterprises (MSME) operations.

(i)They initiate and articulate policy ideas for small and medium enterprises growth and development. Also have the mandate tmof stimulating, monitoring
They have the mandate  and coordinating the development of Ministry of Micro ,small and Medium enterprise  sub sector in nigeria


(8d)
The Small and Medium Enterprises Development Agency of Nigeria (SMEDAN) was established  to facilitate the promotion and development of a structured and efficient Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) Sector that will enhance sustainable economic development in Nigeria. WHILE NICO is renowned for training cultural ambassadors, media practitioners, film directors and entrepreneurs to become more proficient at workplaces, homes and communities in their handling of Nigerian cultural realities, philosophy and practices which are relevant for economic advancements, National integration, peace and unity.
 
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C. 2022 NECO TOURISM (THEORY) OBJ & ESSAY QUESTIONS:

2022 NECO Tourism (OBJ & Essay) Answers [11th August]

2022 NECO Tourism (OBJ & Essay) Answers [11th August]

2022 NECO Tourism (OBJ & Essay) Answers [11th August]

2022 NECO Tourism (OBJ & Essay) Answers [11th August]

2022 NECO Tourism (OBJ & Essay) Answers [11th August]

2022 NECO Tourism (OBJ & Essay) Answers [11th August]

2022 NECO Tourism (OBJ & Essay) Answers [11th August]

2022 NECO Tourism (OBJ & Essay) Answers [11th August]

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