2023 NECO Tourism (OBJ & Essay) Answers [8th August]
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NECO JUNE/JULY 2023 FREE TOURISM OBJ & ESSAY (TOURISM) QUESTION AND ANSWER ROOM 
 
Tuesday 8th August, 2023
Paper III & II: Objective & Essay – Tourism
10:00am-1:30pm
 

A. 2023 NECO TOURISM (OBJECTIVES) ANSWERS

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B. 2023 NECO TOURISM (THEORY) ANSWERS:

(1ai)
Eco-tourism refers to a responsible and sustainable form of tourism that focuses on exploring natural environments, conserving biodiversity, and promoting the well-being of local communities. It involves activities that allow travelers to experience and appreciate natural habitats, wildlife, and cultural heritage while minimizing negative impacts on the environment and supporting local conservation efforts.

(1aii)
(i) Cross River National Park - Cross River State
(ii) Yankari Game Reserve -  Bauchi State
(iii) Obudu Mountain Resort - Cross River State
(iv) Chad Basin National Park - Borno State
(v) Awhum Waterfall and Caves - Enugu State

(1b)
(i) Preservation of Heritage: Cultural tourism development helps preserve and showcase Nigeria's rich cultural heritage, traditions, art, music, and folklore, contributing to the conservation of cultural identity.

(ii) Economic Growth: Cultural tourism generates revenue for local communities and the government through increased tourism activities, job creation, sale of local crafts, and hospitality services.

(iii) Community Empowerment: Cultural tourism provides opportunities for local communities to participate in tourism-related activities, boosting their socio-economic well-being and reducing poverty.

(iv) Inter-Cultural Understanding: Cultural tourism fosters cross-cultural interactions and understanding between visitors and host communities, promoting tolerance, empathy, and global citizenship.

(2a)
Tourist attractions are places, sites, events, activities, or features that are specifically designed or naturally occurring and have the appeal to attract tourists and travelers. These attractions can vary widely and include natural landscapes, historical sites, cultural monuments, entertainment venues, and more.

(2b)
(PICK ANY FOUR)
(i)Natural Attractions: These are natural landscapes, features, and environments that draw tourists due to their beauty, uniqueness, and recreational opportunities. Examples include beaches, mountains, waterfalls, national parks, and wildlife reserves.

(ii)Cultural Attractions: Cultural attractions showcase the heritage, history, and traditions of a region. They can include museums, historical sites, religious monuments, art galleries, and traditional festivals.

(iii)Historical Sites: Historical attractions encompass landmarks and sites that hold historical significance, such as ancient ruins, castles, forts, battlefields, and preserved architecture from different eras.

(iv)Architectural Attractions: These are buildings and structures that captivate tourists with their architectural design, innovation, and cultural symbolism. Examples include iconic skyscrapers, cathedrals, temples, and palaces.

(v)Theme Parks: Theme parks offer a range of entertainment experiences, rides, and attractions centered around a specific theme. They attract visitors of all ages seeking adventure, fun, and escapism

(vi) Adventure and Sports Attractions: These cater to thrill-seekers and sports enthusiasts by offering activities like skiing, scuba diving, zip-lining, bungee jumping, and other outdoor adventures.


(2ci)
Heritage refers to the collective inheritance of cultural, historical, and natural assets that are passed down from one generation to the next. It encompasses tangible and intangible elements that have significance and value to a particular community, society, or even humanity as a whole.


(2cii)
(PICK ANY FOUR)

(i)Historical Significance: Heritage items possess historical importance, representing events, periods, or aspects of the past.
(ii)Cultural Value: Heritage reflects the cultural identity of a group of people
(iii)Connection to the Past: Heritage items provide a tangible or intangible link to previous generations.
(iv)Continuity and Transmission: Heritage is passed down from generation to generation, preserving traditions, knowledge etc
(v)Emotional Attachment: Heritage often evokes emotional responses and a sense of belonging among individuals who share a common heritage.

(3a)
Sustainable tourism development refers to a responsible and balanced approach to developing and managing tourism that aims to maximize positive economic, social, and environmental impacts while minimizing negative consequences.


(3b)
(PICK ANY FIVE)

(i)Economic Growth and Job Creation: Sustainable tourism development generates economic opportunities by creating jobs in various sectors such as hospitality, transportation, handicrafts, and tour guiding. This contributes to economic growth and helps alleviate unemployment, especially in rural areas

(ii)Cultural Preservation: Sustainable tourism development encourages the preservation of Nigeria's rich cultural heritage. By promoting traditional festivals, cultural performances, and local craftsmanship, it incentivizes local communities to maintain and celebrate their unique cultural identities.

(iii)Infrastructure Improvement: The growth of sustainable tourism often leads to improvements in local infrastructure, including roads, transportation services, accommodations, and public facilities. This benefits both tourists and local residents and supports overall development.

(iv)Conservation of Natural Resources: Sustainable tourism development emphasizes responsible practices that minimize the impact on natural resources and ecosystems. This helps protect Nigeria's diverse landscapes, wildlife, and ecosystems for future generations.

(v)Community Empowerment: Sustainable tourism development empowers local communities by involving them in decision-making processes, ensuring their participation in tourism planning, and enabling them to benefit from tourism-related activities.


(3c)
(PICK ANY FIVE)

(i)Infrastructure and Accessibility: Inadequate transportation, poor road networks, and limited connectivity to remote areas hinder the development of tourism. Improving infrastructure is essential to facilitate easy access for tourists.

(ii)Environmental Conservation: Unplanned development and inadequate waste management can lead to environmental degradation and negatively impact natural attractions. Balancing tourism growth with environmental conservation is crucial.

(iii)Lack of Awareness and Education: Many local communities lack awareness of sustainable practices, which can lead to overexploitation of resources and cultural insensitivity. Educating both tourists and local communities is essential for responsible tourism.

(iv)Inconsistent Policies: Inconsistent regulations and policies can create uncertainty for investors and hinder long-term planning for sustainable tourism projects.

(v)Security Concerns: Security challenges, such as political instability and crime, can deter tourists from visiting certain regions, affecting the growth of the tourism industry.

(vi)Lack of Investment: Insufficient funding and limited investment in tourism infrastructure and marketing can impede the development of sustainable tourism projects.

(vii)Cultural Sensitivity: Ensuring that tourism development respects local cultures and traditions is vital. Insensitive tourism practices can lead to cultural commodification and erosion of cultural identities.

NUMBER SIX

(6a)
A stock refers to a liquid that is prepared by simmering various ingredients like bones, meat, vegetables, herbs, and spices in water. It is commonly used as a base for soups, sauces, and other dishes.

(6bi)
-Frying
(PICK ANY ONE)
(i) Quick cooking time
(ii) Flavor and texture of the food is enhanced
(iii) Crispy exterior
(iv) Allows for caramelization of the food
(v) Easy to clean up

(6bii)
-Steaming-
(PICK ANY ONE)
(i) Retains more nutrients than boiling
(ii) Food is not exposed to oil or fat
(iii) Even cooking
(iv) Enhances flavor of the food
(v) Easy to clean up

(6c)
(PICK ANY ONE)
(i) Boiling requires submerging in a pot of water while frying requires submerging in hot oil.
(ii) Boiling does not add any flavor to the food while frying helps to enhance the flavor.
(iii) Boiling cooks food at a lower temperature compared to frying.
(iv) Boiling can cause nutrient loss, while frying does not.

(6d)
(PICK ANY FOUR)
(i) Butter
(ii) Flour
(iii) Milk
(iv) Salt
(v) Pepper.

(8a)
(PICK ANY FOUR)


(i)Effective support services contribute to a positive customer experience by addressing inquiries, providing assistance, and resolving issues promptly.

(ii)Providing reliable support builds trust and loyalty among customers. When travelers know they can rely on your support, they are more likely to choose your services again in the future.

(iii)Positive experiences shared by satisfied customers contribute to a strong reputation for your business. Word-of-mouth recommendations and online reviews can greatly impact your brand image.

(iv)Effective support services are essential during crises or emergencies, helping you manage and communicate with customers during challenging situations such as natural disasters or unforeseen events.

(v)Support interactions provide valuable insights into customer preferences, needs, and pain points. This feedback can guide improvements in your offerings and services.

(8b)
(PICK ANY THREE)

(i)Service delivery refers to the core offerings and experiences that customers receive when they engage with your tourism business WHILE Support services, on the other hand, are supplementary to the core offerings and are designed to assist customers before, during, and after their engagement with your business.

(ii)Service delivery occurs during the actual consumption of the tourism product or experience. WHILE Support services are provided throughout the customer's journey, from pre-booking inquiries to post-trip feedback

(iii)The primary focus of service delivery is to ensure that the core tourism offerings are provided smoothly and meet or exceed customer expectations.

(iv)Service delivery involves direct interaction between customers and the actual tourism product or experience.  WHILE Support services involve indirect interaction, often through communication channels like phone, email, chat, or social media.

(8c)
(PICK ANY FIVE)

(i)Employment Generation: Cottage industries provide employment opportunities, especially in rural areas where formal job opportunities might be limited. This contributes to reducing unemployment rates and poverty, helping to uplift local communities.

(ii)Rural Development: Cottage industries stimulate economic activities in rural regions, leading to improved living standards and infrastructural development. They contribute to decentralizing economic growth beyond urban centers.

(iii)Diverse Income Sources: Cottage industries allow individuals to engage in a range of small-scale businesses, providing diverse income sources for households. This diversity enhances economic resilience and stability.

(iv)Skills Development: Cottage industries often involve traditional skills and craftsmanship, fostering skills development and preservation of cultural heritage. This can lead to skill enhancement, empowerment, and the transmission of knowledge to future generations.

(v)Entrepreneurship and Innovation: Cottage industries encourage entrepreneurship by offering individuals the opportunity to start and manage their own businesses with minimal capital. This promotes creativity, innovation, and self-reliance.

(vi)Export Potential: Many cottage industries produce unique handicrafts, textiles, and artisanal products that have export potential. This can contribute to foreign exchange earnings and global recognition of local craftsmanship.


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