2021 WAEC GCE Geography (Essay & OBJ) Answers [10th December]

Get Free Live 2021 WAEC GCE August/September (2nd Series) Geography (GEO) Essay & OBJ & Practical Questions and Answers for Private Candidates Free of Charge | WAEC GCE Aug/Sept Free Geography Questions and Answers (Essay & OBJ) EXPO Room (10th December, 2021).

WAEC GCE AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2021 FREE GEOGRAPHY (GEO) QUESTION AND ANSWER ROOM [PRIVATE CANDIDATES]

Friday, 10th December, 2021
Geography 2 (Essay) – 9:30am – 11:30am
Geography 1 (Objective) – 11:30am – 12:30pm
Geography 3 (Practical and Physical Geography) – 2:30pm – 4:20pm

A. 2021 WAEC GCE GEOGRAPHY ESSAY (THEORY) ANSWERS | 10TH DECEMBER, 2021

(1a)
Settlement is a group of buildings with people living in them. It could be rural or urban. A settlement may cover small area or may be several square kilometres. Settlement may be nucleated or disperse. that is may differ in shape and pattern.

(1b)
[Pick any five]
(i) Rural settlement have a small population size whereas urban is densely populated
(ii) Agriculture is the fundamental occupa­tion of the rural people and forms the basis of rural economy while urban has so many occupations like industrial occupations, white-collar jobs,etc
(iii) The rural settlements are homogenous in nature while urban is heterogeneous
(iv) The degree of social solidarity is greater in rural settlements as com­pared to urban areas. Common experience, purposes, customs and traditions form the basis of unity in the villages.
(v) The frequency of social interaction in rural areas is com­paratively lower than in urban areas.
(vi) In rural areas, mobility is rigid as all the occupations are based on caste. Shifting from one occupation to another is difficult as caste is determined by birth while Urban life is dynamic. Social relations are temporary. Therefore, permanency does not develop in urban relations. There is a high rate of geographical as well as social mobility in urban areas.

(1c)
(i) Inadequate transport facilities as a result of increasing number of people trooping into urban centres
(ii) Over-use and deterioration of available social amenities such as water, electrical school, etc
(iii) Increase in the rate of crime as a result of lack of employment of able-bodied persons
(iv) The problem of undue increase in human and vehicular traffic in urban areas.


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(3a)
(i) it has cold winter that are long and short cool summer
(ii) it is characterized with semi nomadism
(iii) presence of snow all year round impedes farming
(iv) There is low commercial activities

(3b)
(i) inadequate labour force
(ii) Deterioration of infrastructures
(iii) Disincentive to government


(3c)
(i) Immigration Should be encouraged and Emigration should be discouraged
(ii) Modern infrastructure that will meet the weather conditions should put in place
(iii) Government should modify promulgate policies to encourage inhabitation of the place

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(4)




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(5a)
Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock

(5b)
[Pick any four]
(i)Unsuitable climatic conditions: Climatic conditions vary from areas of excessive rainfall to areas of excessive drought. These two types of climatic conditions are detrimental to crop and animal growth.

(ii) Poor technical knowledge: The farmers lack requisite technical knowledge and modern skills to raise the standard of farming and agricultural production in their countries.

(iii) Use of crude implements: West African farmers still use crude implements such as cutlass, hoes etc for farming. They have no opportunity for mechanized farming.

(iv) Rural- urban drift: The imbalance in urban-rural economy has led to rural -urban drift. Agriculture has thus been losing its vital labour force without replacing it with mechanization.

(v) Land tenure system: Land tenure system encourages small scale farming. Modern agriculture is difficult under the existing land tenure system which makes transfer of ownership of land extremely difficult.

(vi) Pest and diseases: They reduce the quality and quantity of agricultural products since farmers cannot afford to purchase insecticides.

(vii) Poor marketing facilities: The sale of products is limited to their immediate environment because of poor transportation and communication systems.

(5c)
[pick any five]
(i) Agriculture provides Nigerians with food and increase in food means increase in the well being of the citizens.
(ii) The industrial sector depends on agriculture for some of its raw materials, e.g. sugar cane, palm produce, cotton etc.
(iii) Agriculture provides revenue for farmers and government of Nigeria.
(iv) It provides employment to many Nigerians who would have been jobless.
(v) Agricultural produce, e.g. cotton, rubber etc earns foreign exchange for the country.
(vi) It provides a market for industrial output as farmers purchase industrial goods, e.g. hoes, cutlass, tractors, fertilizer etc for use.


B. 2021 WAEC GCE GEOGRAPHY OBJECTIVES (OBJ) ANSWERS | 10TH DECEMBER, 2021

1-10: CCCCCAADBA
11-20: BBBABDCCCB
21-30: CCAADDACCC
31-40: CCBDDABABB
41-50: ADCAABCDAC


C. 2021 WAEC GCE GEOGRAPHY PRACTICAL ANSWERS | 10TH DECEMBER, 2021

(3a)
[Pick any three]
(i) Slate
(ii) Marble
(iii) Graphite
(iv) Quartzite
(v) Schist
(vi) Gneiss

(3b)
[Tabulate]
-PLUTONIC ROCK:
(i) Plutonic rocks are formed beneath or within the earth's crust
(ii) Plutonic rocks have large crystals
(iii) Plutonic rocks are coarse grained

-VOLCANIC ROCK:
(i) Volcanic rocks are formed on the surface of the earth
(ii) volcanic rocks have small crystal
(iii) volcanic rocks are fine grained

(3c)
(i) A metamorphic rock such as talc is used in cosmetics, paints, and lubricants.

(ii) Marble which is a metamorphic rock is used for statues and decorative items like vases

(iii) For the construction propose, some rocks like the granite and sandstone are used for the road and the bridges.

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(4a)
(i) Corrasion/abrasion
(ii) Solution/corrosion
(iii) Hydraulic action

(4b)
(i) Arcuate delta
(ii) Cuspate delta
(iii) Estuarine delta

EXAMPLES:
(i) ARCUATE DELTA - River Nile Delta in Egypt
(ii) CUSPATE DELTA - Tiber of Italy.
(iii) ESTUARINE DELTA - Vistuala delta

(4c)
[Pick any three]
(i) Active vertical and lateral erosion at the upper and middle courses of the river
(ii) Sediments formed from the upper and middle courses are deposited at the mouth of the river
(iii) Presence of sheltered, tide-less coast to prevent disappearance of sediments into deep waters
(iv) There should be no large lakes in the river course to trap the sediments
(v) There should be no strong current at the river mouth to wash away the sediments.

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(5ai)
Rotation of the earth:
This is the rotation of planet Earth around its own axis. Earth rotates eastward, in prograde motion. As viewed from the north pole star Polaris, Earth turns counterclockwise.

(5aii)
Revolution of the earth:
For Earth to make one complete revolution around the Sun takes 365.24 days. This amount of time is the definition of one year. The gravitational pull of the Sun keeps Earth and the other planets in orbit around the star.

(5aiii)
Enquinox:
An equinox is commonly regarded as the instant of time when the plane of Earth's equator passes through the geometric center of the Sun's disk. This occurs twice each year, around 20 March and 23 September. In other words, it is the moment at which the center of the visible Sun is directly above the equator.

(5b)
[Pick any three]
(i) It fixes year
(ii) Causes changes in the sun's altitude at different times of the year
(iii) Brings about four seasons in the temperate regions and two seasons in the tropics
(iv) Causes variation in seasonal temperature


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