2021 NABTEB GCE Civic Education (OBJ & Essay) Answers [10th December]

Get Free Live 2021 NABTEB GCE Civic Education (CIVIC) Objectives and Essay/Theory Questions and Answers Free of Charge | NABTEB Nov/Dec GCE Free Civic Education (CIVIC) OBJ & Essay Questions and Answers EXPO Room (10th December, 2021).

NABTEB NOV/DEC GCE 2021 FREE CIVIC EDUCATION OBJ & ESSAY (CIVIC) QUESTION AND ANSWER ROOM

Friday 10th December, 2021 - Civic (9:00am-11:30am)

A. NABTEB NOV/DEC GCE Civic Education OBJECTIVES (OBJ) ANSWERS 2021:

1-10: ACCDBCCDAC
11-20: BCDABCAABC
21-30: DAABBCCCDA
31-40: BCDABCBDAA
41-50: CCDABCDABD

 

B. NABTEB NOV/DEC GCE Civic Education THEORY (ESSAY) ANSWERS 2021

(1a)
Justice has to do with moral rightness based on ethics, religion, rationality, law, fairness and equity. It illustrates applications of the notion of proper balance: a fair trial, which among other things depicts neutrality and fairness between the ability of the defendant and prosecution to establish innocence and guilt respectively.

(1b)
(i) It defends people from racism
(ii) It protects people with disabilities
(iii) It ensures everyone gets adequate healthcare
(iv) It protects people from ageism
(v) It protects people from religion-based discrimination

EXPLANATION:
(i) It defends people from racism: Discrimination based on race is another huge issue in most societies. It can make it hard for people to find work, live in peace, marry who they want, and more. A major trait of social justice is that people of every race can live well and have equal opportunities.

(ii) It protects people with disabilities; Disability rights have been ignored and neglected for many years, but with social justice on the rise, people are finally getting a voice. Those with both visible and invisible disabilities (like mental illness) are often discriminated against in their workplace, in healthcare, and more. For social justice to truly be justice for all, disability rights need to be included.

(iii) It ensures everyone gets adequate healthcare; The importance of good health can’t be overstated. It’s a matter of life and death. A society’s healthcare system determines who gets what services, and how much they have to sacrifice to get the care they need. When people strive for social justice in healthcare, they are working for better and more affordable insurance plans, access to medication, and more.

(iv) It protects people from ageism: As people get older, they are often discriminated against simply because of their age. They might get fired from their job in favor of someone younger, or get treated with disrespect in their daily lives. Ageism, as a form of discrimination, falls under the scope of social justice.

(v) It protects people from religion-based discrimination; A person’s religion is a central part of them, and freedom from religious discrimination falls right into the lap of social justice. Many countries have laws that discourage religious freedom, while others fail to enforce protections. Social justice advocates want all religions to be free and safe, including a person’s right to not follow any religion.

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(3a)
Youth empowerment is an idea or programmes fashioned to enable the youth learn skills,trade or precession. In other words Youth empowerment is the process of making young people gain the ability,authority and the agency to make decision and implement changes in their own lives and lives of other people

(3b)
(i) Youth empowerment reduce crime rate; when someone has a skill to trade, he misses the chance of engaging in anti-social behaviour

(ii) Youth empowerment helps young people to learn how to take responsibility of their own affairs

(iii) Through youth empowerment, young people have the opportunity to develop skills they need to become influential members of the society.

(iv) Through youth empowerment, young people are equipped with vocational skills and they learn to be self reliant

(v) Youth empowerment enables one to consider vital tenets and societal values and committing oneself to worthwhile values.

(vi) Youth empowerment leads to self empowerment and rapid industrialization

(vii) Youth empowerment helps in developing the potentials of youths.

(viii) Youth empowerment facilitates the process of nation building and development

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(4a)
A Cultist is a member of small group of people whose membership, admission,policy and initiation formalities as well as their mode of operation are done in secret and kept secret.

(4b)
*(Pick Any Six)*
(i) Search for security: This appears to be the main reason why students join cult. Bigger boys, especially cultists intimidate new students by extorting money from them, seizing their shoes and handsets and beating them sometimes. such students will begin to see joining a secret cult as the only way out of their problem.

(ii) Search for social identity: Young people who join cults groups today are in a search for identity. Some students want to be popular and answer big boys. To them,secret cult is a way of achieving greatness and prestige.

(iii) Search for Responsibility: There are students who join secret cults in order to perform certain services for their members. These services may range from providing money, providing arms, getting police connection, acting as a fast driver to escape arrest e.t.c.

(iv) Peer Group Influence: Motivation for joining cults may come from peer group influence. Some students have become cultists because their friends are members. Their friends tease them with names like 'Jewman, Turncoat' e.t.c.

(v) To perfect Evil Habit Acquired from Home: There are students who start stealing as early as primary school age. If their parents are not able to stop them from such bad habit, they grow up with it and when they enter the university, secret cults become a place where such evil habits are perfected.

(vi) Success in Academics: Some students join secret cult so that they can pass very well in all their exams. They believe that cultists help each other during exams. Cultists usually intimidate lecturers with guns and matchets into giving them high grades that they do not deserve.

(vii) Financial assistance and Injustice : There are some students who join cult groups for reasons of wealth (financial assistance). Many students form their own cult groups to seek for an avenue to protest injustice in the society and school environment.
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(5)
(i) A constitution refers to the basic principles and laws of a nation or state that determine the powers and duties of the government and also provides the platform or base for determining the fundamental rights and duties of the people. It is also a body of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organisation is acknowledged to be governed.

(iii) Political parties are an organised group of people with at least roughly similar political aims and opinions, that seeks to influence public policy by getting its candidates elected to public office. They can link the governmental institutions to the elements of the civil society in a free and fair society and are regarded as necessary for the functioning any modern democratic political system.

(iv) Civil societies refers to any non-governmental entities formed by a group of people with similar interests who come together to work on a common cause. It is a society in which each individual is allowed to pursue their own separate interest, as long as it does not harm anyone else.

(v) Armed forces are military forces authorized to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state and some or all of its citizens. They are typically officially authorized and maintained by a sovereign state, with its members identifiable by their distinct military uniform

(vi) Free press is a situation whereby the press has the opportunity to freely express its opinion and national views on national issues. Such freedom implies the absence of interference from an overreaching state, its preservation may be sought through constitution or other legal protection and security.

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(6a)
Popular participation is the involvement and taking part in political activities by citizens of a country. Popular participation can equally be referred as a process of involvement of the citizens in the conduct of the affairs of the state at different levels. It is also the complete involvement of citizens in the issues or activities of their government (state).

(6b)
(Pick Any Six)

(i) Illiteracy: The level of illiteracy in certain parts of the country is very high. People who cannot read and write cannot understand the policies and different programmes of political parties (manifestoes). They do not even understand how these affect their lives. Illiterates do not contest elections and some of them are shy to come out and vote as they need people to guide them at the polling stations.

(ii) Religion: Some religious beliefs hinder people from participating in politics. Some religious sects believe that politics is for corrupt people. So, they do not want to get involved. In Islam, women in purdah do not participate in politics as they are restricted from moving about freely. This is a hindrance to popular participation.

(iii) Discrimination: In some countries, certain obnoxious laws exist which bar certain people from taking part in politics. In the days of apartheid in South Africa, blacks were not allowed to vote or participate in politics at any level. Many of them went into exile because of the denial of their political rights.

(iv) Lack of Independent Judiciary: The judiciary is the last hope of the common man. If the judiciary is dependent on the executive, they cannot give the fairest possible judgment. As a result of this, citizens will no longer seek redress in court even when their victories at the polls have been denied them. It hinders political participation.

(v) Lack of Truly Independent Electoral Body: If the electoral body of a country cannot conduct free and fair elections without acting according to the dictates of the government in power, people will not have confidence in them. This discourages participation.

(vi) Lack of press freedom: The press gives political education to the citizenry and it is through the press that the opposition can criticize government constructively. If the press is suppressed, it will be difficult for the citizens to know what is happening in government and may lose interest in politics.

(vii) Military Intervention
Politics: This is in form of frequent removal of elected governments from power by soldiers, as was common in Nigeria in the past before 1999. When soldiers, leave their constitutional roles and delve into politics, they begin to rule with the barrel of the gun. This obviously works against political participation.
 

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