2023 NABTEB GCE CRS/IRS (OBJ & Essay) Answers [8th December]
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NABTEB NOV/DEC GCE 2023 FREE CRS/IRS OBJ & ESSAY QUESTION AND ANSWER ROOM

Friday 8th December, 2023
CRS/IRS
(3:30pm-6:00pm)

A. NABTEB NOV/DEC GCE CRS/IRS OBJECTIVES (OBJ) ANSWERS 2023:

B. CRS OBJECTIVES

1-10: BBBDAABCCA
11-20: BDADADACCB
21-30: BADACBBAAB
31-40: BCDBBDDDBA
41-50: BACDCDDDDD


B. IRS OBJECTIVES

1-10: CCCCCBBBBD
11-20: ADDDDCBBAB
21-30: ADDABADDAD
31-40: DDADABCADC
41-50: ABDCBDCBDC


B. NABTEB NOV/DEC GCE CRS/IRS THEORY (ESSAY) ANSWERS 2023

A. CRS THEORY ANSWERS

(1a)
Joseph's journey to Potiphar's house is marked by betrayal, resilience, and divine intervention. It all began with Joseph, the favored son of Jacob, who was bestowed with a coat of many colors, symbolizing his father's deep affection. His brothers, consumed by jealousy, grew resentful of the preferential treatment and Joseph's dreams, which suggested he would rule over them.
In an act fueled by envy, Joseph's brothers plotted against him. When Jacob sent Joseph to check on his brothers, who were tending to the family's flocks, they seized the opportunity. Stripping him of his coat, they threw him into a pit with the intention of leaving him to die. However, a caravan of traders passing by provided an alternative fate. They decided to sell Joseph as a slave, and he found himself on a journey to Egypt, far from the land of Canaan and the home he knew.
Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh and captain of the guard, became the unsuspecting purchaser of Joseph. In Potiphar's house, Joseph's qualities of diligence, integrity, and trustworthiness quickly became apparent. Potiphar recognized these virtues and elevated Joseph to a position of responsibility, entrusting him with the management of his household.
Joseph's rise in Potiphar's house, however, was not without its challenges. Potiphar's wife, captivated by Joseph's charm and handsomeness, attempted to seduce him. Joseph, true to his principles and loyalty to Potiphar and God, resisted her advances. Frustrated by rejection, Potiphar's wife falsely accused Joseph of attempting to assault her. This accusation led to Joseph's unjust imprisonment.
Yet, even in prison, Joseph's remarkable qualities shone through. His ability to interpret dreams caught the attention of Pharaoh's cupbearer and baker, who were also imprisoned. Joseph accurately interpreted their dreams, foreshadowing the cupbearer's release and the baker's demise.
Impressed by Joseph's wisdom, Pharaoh appointed him as the second-in-command, overseeing preparations for the impending famine.

(1b)
(PICK ANY TWO)
(i) Integrity
(ii) Diligence
(iii) Resilience
(iv) Faithfulness

(2a)
After fleeing Egypt to escape Pharaoh's wrath for killing an Egyptian taskmaster who was mistreating an Israelite, Moses arrived in the land of Midian. In Midian, he encountered the daughters of Jethro, a priest of Midian, at a well. Moses intervened to help them water their flocks, and Jethro, in gratitude, invited him to his home.
Moses lived in Midian, married Jethro's daughter Zipporah, and became a shepherd, tending to Jethro's flock. It was during this period that Moses experienced a transformative encounter with God at Mount Horeb, also known as Mount Sinai.
While tending sheep near Horeb, Moses observed a burning bush that wasn't consumed by the fire. As he approached, God spoke to him from the burning bush, revealing Himself as the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. God informed Moses about the suffering of the Israelites in Egypt and conveyed His plan to deliver them. He tasked Moses with leading the Israelites out of Egypt, back to the land promised to their ancestors.
Moses initially hesitated, expressing concerns about his ability to lead and the people's acceptance of his message. God assured Moses, revealing His divine name, Yahweh, and providing signs to authenticate Moses' mission. Reluctantly, Moses accepted the call and set out to confront Pharaoh and liberate the Israelites.

(2b)
(PICK ANY FIVE)
(i) Exceptional leadership
(ii) Humility
(iii) Courage
(iv) Faithfulness
(v) Meeknes
(vi) Obedience


(3a)
James addressed the issue of partiality or favoritism within the church by highlighting its inconsistency with Christian beliefs. In James 2:1-13, he emphasizes the importance of treating everyone equally and without discrimination, irrespective of their social status, wealth, or appearance.
He specifically points out how favoritism contradicts the essence of Christian faith, stating that showing favoritism makes one a judge with evil thoughts. James urges believers to practice the royal law of loving their neighbor as themselves and warns against the sin of showing partiality.
To illustrate his point, James uses an example of giving preferential treatment to the wealthy while neglecting the poor, emphasizing that such actions are contrary to the teachings of Jesus Christ. He encourages believers to live out their faith by showing genuine love and equal respect to all, regardless of their societal status.

(3b)
(PICK ANY FIVE)
(i) Christians should emphasize equality in spiritual teachings.
(ii) They should promote inclusive leadership structures.
(iii) They should encourage diverse representation in decision-making.
(iv) They should foster genuine relationships across diverse backgrounds.
(v) Christians should address and challenge prejudiced attitudes.
(vi) They should provide educational opportunities on cultural sensitivity.
(vii) Promote unity through shared worship experiences.
(viii) Christians should establish and enforce anti-discrimination policies.



(4a)
Parousia refers specifically to the second coming or return of Jesus Christ. It signifies the awaited arrival of Christ to Earth, as believed in Christian theology, where Christ is anticipated to return in glory, judge the living and the dead, and establish his eternal kingdom. This event holds significant theological importance and is a focal point in Christian eschatology.

(4b)
(i)Wars and Conflicts: References to increased conflicts and wars.

(ii)Natural Disasters: Descriptions of earthquakes, famines, and pestilences

(iii)Persecution of Believers: Forewarnings of persecution and hardship for believers

(iv)False Prophets and Deceptions: Warnings of false prophets, deceit, and misleading teachings

(v)Cosmic Signs: References to celestial signs, such as the darkening of the sun and the moon

(4c)
(PICK ANY FIVE)

(i)Faith and Spiritual Growth
(ii)Living a Righteous Life
(iii)Watchfulness and Readiness
(iv)Sharing the Gospel
(v)Service and Good Works
(vi)Discernment and Discipleship

(6a)
(i)Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.
(ii)Truly, I say to you, today you will be with me in paradise.
(iii)Woman, behold your son. Son, behold your mother.
(iv)My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?
(v)I thirst.
(vi)It is finished.
(vii)Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.

(6b)
(PICK ANY THREE)

(i)Redemption and Atonement: Jesus crucifixion is seen as the ultimate sacrifice, where he died to atone for humanity's sins according to Christian belief. It symbolizes the forgiveness of sins and reconciliation between God and humanity.

(ii)Demonstration of Love and Sacrifice: Christ's crucifixion exemplifies selfless love and sacrifice, serving as a profound demonstration of God's love for humanity by giving his life for their salvation.

(iii)Victory Over Death: Christians view the crucifixion as part of a larger narrative that includes Christ's resurrection, signifying victory over sin and death. It offers the hope of eternal life to believers.

(iv)Foundation of Faith: The crucifixion of Jesus Christ forms a foundational belief in Christianity, shaping the faith and providing a central focus for believers to understand the significance of Christ's mission and teachings. 

(5a)
After the death of Stephen, many Christians ran to Damascus for their dear lives. Saul was happy at the death of Stephen. He went from house to house persecuting those who belonged to the faith. Saul went to the high priest in Jerusalem to demand for a written permission to travel to Damascus and bring down to Jerusalem in chains those who proclaimed the resurrection of Jesus Christ.

On his way, near Damascus, he met with Jesus Christ in a transforming vision. A light from heaven shone on him and he fell down as he heard a voice saying: " Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me?" When he asked whom he was persecuting, the voice said: "I am Jesus whom you are persecuting, but rise and enter the city, and you would be told what to do". In the city, there was a disciple by name Ananias who lived in a street named Straight, whom God had commissioned to restore Saul's sight. (Before this time, Saul had lived for three days without food). But Ananias told God that he had heard of Saul how he had caused havoc to those who belonged to the way and that the man, Saul was a dangerous person.

God assured him that He had made him a chosen instrument to preach and propagate the gospel, death and the resurrection of Jesus to the Jews and Gentiles and that since he had persecuted the church of God, he too would not go without being persecuted by Jesus. Ananias went as commanded by God and laid his hands on Saul. Something like scale fell from his eyes and he regained his sight and was baptised immediately. He was then given food to eat.

(5b)
(PICK ANY FIVE)
(i) Paul's conversion conferred apostolic authority on him, enhancing the credibility of his teachings and letters in shaping Christian doctrine.
(ii)  Paul's conversion fueled an unparalleled zeal for spreading the Gospel, leading to extensive missionary journeys that significantly expanded the early Christian community.
(iii) Paul's profound understanding of Christian theology, articulated in his epistles, enriched the early Church's doctrinal foundation and provided guidance for future generations.
(iv)  Paul's conversion exemplifies the inclusivity of God's grace, emphasizing that even the fiercest opponents can be transformed into committed followers of Christ.
(v) Paul played a crucial role in advocating for the inclusion of Gentiles in the Christian community, contributing to the broader expansion of the Church beyond its Jewish origins
(vi) Paul's resilience after conversion, enduring hardships, imprisonments, and persecution, serves as an inspiration for Christians facing challenges and opposition throughout history.
(vii) Paul's letters, written to various early Christian communities, serve as a timeless guide, addressing theological issues, moral conduct, and organizational matters within the Church.



B. IRS THEORY ANSWERS

(1a)
In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.
(i) Say, “He is Allah, the One.
(ii) Allah, the Eternal.
(iii) He begets not, nor was He begotten.
(iv) And there is none comparable to Him.

(1b)
(i) Surah Ikhlas teaches the belief in the oneness of Allah, emphasizing that there is only one God who is incomparable and has no partners, children, or equals.
(ii) This Surah teaches that Allah has eternal existence, with no beginning or end. Eternal existence is without any limits of time or origin.
(iii) The Surah teaches that Allah is entirely different from everything else; nothing in this world is similar to Him, and He is beyond complete human understanding.

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(2a)
The Glorious Qur'an is the word of Allah revealed to His Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) through Angel Jibril (A.S). It guides spiritual and moral conduct, covering faith, worship, and social behavior. Revealed in Arabic, it's divided into Surahs (chapters) and Ayahs (verses), serving as Islam's primary authority and shaping its beliefs and practices.

(2b)
(Pick three only)
(i) The Quran is the direct word of God, guiding Muslims in various aspects of life such as worship, ethics, and social behavior.

(ii) Through the Quran, Muslims seek blessings and rewards by following its guidance, striving to attain spiritual growth and closeness to Allah.

(iii) The Quran brings all Muslims together, making them feel like they're part of one big family, no matter where they're from or what language they speak.

(iv) The Quran helps Muslims solve problems nicely, showing them to find peaceful and fair solutions when they have disagreements, whether it's between a few people or larger groups.

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(4a)
Hadith is an Arabic word, which literally means statement, talk, story, conversation or communication. “Hadith is a talk and which may be brief or elaborated.” Technically Hadith means the narration of the sayings, doings or approvals (Taqrir) of Muhammad (peace be upon him).

(4b)
(i) Sahih Hadith (Sound): A Sahih Hadith possesses a connected chain of transmission. Each narrator in the chain is known for their uprightness, precision, and reliability in narrating and transmitting the Hadith.

(ii) Hassan Hadith (Good): A Hassan Hadith also holds a connected chain of transmission. It involves narrators who are upright and accurate, though their precision is slightly less than that found in a Sahih Hadith. However, it remains free from serious flaws or irregularities.

(iii) Da’if Hadith (Weak): A Da’if Hadith fails to meet the conditions set for Sahih or Hassan Hadith. It lacks the required authenticity, either due to deficiencies in the chain of transmission or other factors, rendering it less reliable for guidance or religious rulings.

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(5a)
Fatimah bint Muhammad (S.A.W)

(5b)
(i) Israfil – He is in charge of blowing the trumpet on resurrection day
(ii) Katibun – They are responsible for recording deeds.
(iii) Hafadha – In charge of protection of individuals from danger
(iv) Munkar and Nakir – Responsible for questioning of the dead in the grave
(v) Jibril (Gabriel): He is responsible for delivering God's revelations to the prophets.

(5c)
Caliph Uthman ibn Affan (R.A.)
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(6a)
(i) Two (2) witness
(ii) Payment of Mahr
(iii) Consent of Walii

(6b)
(i) Menstruation
(ii) Defecation
(iii) Deep sleep
(iv) Urination

(6c)
(i) Niyyah (Intention), Having the intention or resolve to perform the specific prayer.
(ii) Takbiratul-Ihram (Opening Takbir), Saying "Allahu Akbar" to commence the prayer.
(iii) Qiyam (Standing), Performing certain portions of the prayer while standing.
(iv) Ruku (Bowing), Bending at the waist with the palms resting on the knees during the prayer.

 

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