2021 NABTEB GCE Government (OBJ & Essay) Answers [9th December]

Get Free Live 2021 NABTEB GCE Government (GOVT) Objectives and Essay/Theory Questions and Answers Free of Charge | NABTEB Nov/Dec GCE Free Government (GOVT) OBJ & Essay Questions and Answers EXPO Room (9th December, 2021).

NABTEB NOV/DEC GCE 2021 FREE GOVERNMENT OBJ & ESSAY (GOVT) QUESTION AND ANSWER ROOM

Thursday 9th December, 2021 Government (9:00am-12:00pm)

A. NABTEB NOV/DEC GCE Government OBJECTIVES (OBJ) ANSWERS 2021:

1-10: ACCBCBCBBA
11-20: ACAACCDDBA
21-30: ACACBACCCC
31-40: BDCBCACABD
41-50: BBDBADBCCD 

B. NABTEB NOV/DEC GCE Government THEORY (ESSAY) ANSWERS 2021

(2a)
Political power refers to the ability to influence others and control access to resources. The elected president or prime minister of a state possesses political power. It is the power derived from the people and the constitution.

(2b)
(i)Physical power: This is power derived from material or physical advantage. It can also come from having weapons, which can be the ultimate power of groups and governments. Physical power also comes from having things that are not designed to hurt people. The outcome of this application of physical power could bring discomfort or even disastrous end.

(ii)Military power: Military power is the ability to affect the behavior of other nation-states through the actual or threatened exertion of force. The armed forces, army, navy and airforce control the instruments of violence in a country. These instruments can easily be manipulated to overthrow a civilian government and for the defence of the state against external aggression.

(iii)Economic power: Economic power is the ability of countries, businesses, or individuals to improve their standard of living. An individual in possession of economic resources could use such to influence issues in a state. He can also command respect and has the ability of controlling people's emotions, actions etc. Economic power also increases individual freedom to make decisions for their own that benefit.

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(3a)
Political party is defined as an organised group of citizens, who act together as a political unit ,having distinctive aims and objectives involving political questions in the state and acting together and seeking to obtain control of government.

(3b)
(PICK ANY FIVE)
(i)Unity: Political parties unite the people on major issues affecting the state.
(ii)Serves as a link: Political parties always serve as a link between the people and government.
(iii)Accountability: They enable the government to become accountable to the electorate through constructive criticism of the government in power.
(iv)Machinery for recruitment: Political parties provide a machinery for recruiting political leaders.
(v)Political education: It provides political education, through lecture,symposia,manifestoes and other social programmes
(vi) Control of government: Political parties exist to contest elections and control the government

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(5a)
Capitalism can be defined as an economic system in which the means of production, exchange and distribution of goods and services are in the hands of private persons, providing or borrowing the necessary capital and taking the profits after all the costs of the production have been met. However, it should be noted that government's participation in production is very low in capitalist economy.

(5b)
(i) In capitalism, the economy is in the hands of private individuals While In socialism, the state controls the economy

(ii) In capitalism, political power is highly decentralized While In socialism , political power is highly centralized

(iii) In capitalism, The economy of the state is centrally organised While In socialism, There is central planning of the economy

(iv) In capitalism, The market is open and competitive While In socialism, The market is not open and it is a state monopoly

(v) In capitalism, Economic power determines political power While In Socialism, Political power is used to control and shape economic power.

(vi) In capitalism, The system is based on class-upper, middle and lower class While In socialism, The system is a classless society.

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(6a)
Separation of powers, therefore, refers to the division of government responsibilities into distinct branches to limit any one branch from exercising the core functions of another.

(6b)
(i)Protection of Liberty and Rights: The theory of separation of powers allows for protection of the liberties and rights of the individual, and protects him or her from different forms of despotism and oppression.

(ii)Increase in Government’s Efficiency:
As powers are distributed among the government departments, these departments gain deep knowledge about the matters they are concerned with, and become more efficient.

(iii)Promotes Order in Governance: All the three arms of government are allocated their separate functions. A strict application of the principle would ensure that each performs its role and that only.

(iv)Prevents Abuse of Power: Separation of powers accompanied by check and balances is an effective check against abuse of power and arrogance of power. As powers are distributed among different department.

(v)Ensures Judicial Independence; Judicial independence is the concept that the judiciary should be independent from the other branches of government. In almost every constitution, the judiciary is clothed with the powers to have the final say in all constitutional disputes and to be able to declare null and void the actions of the other arms of government.

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(8a)
Disturbances that led to the riot started out at the Colonial Hotel, on 16 May 1953 which was supposed to be the venue of a meeting by the Action Group led by Akintola. Prior the meeting, the Kano Native Authority withdrew its permission to grant the meeting. A mob gathered outside of the hotel and started stoning people close to the hotel, during the fracas, two people believed to be southerners died, the mob later attempted to gain entry into Sabon Gari but were subdued by the Native Authority police. The situation became more serious and became an inter-ethnic crisis on 17 May when mobs of hooligans from Northern section of Kano, in particular Fagge attempted to break into the Southern and Igbo dominated Sabon Gari area with some success, though their original chants were against the Yorubas, the casualties in the Sabon Gari area were mostly Igbos. Shops in the Sabon Gari market were looted and violent attacks took place. But the Native Authority police and the Army were called upon and prevented further entry of hooligans into the Kano area. The skirmishes further spilled into the indigenous Kano areas such as Fagge where small unorganized groups of people of different ethnic groups clashed. My father, Dennis William Lyndon, told us of his experience in command of some of the troops. His orders were strict regarding the limited objectives of protection of property and of not provoking any escalation. With their bayonets fixed he held his men steady even as women and children were brought before him, their arms lopped off with machetes and fuel thrown over them before they were set alight. This was one of the worst of his experiences as an officer of the British army.

(8b)
(i) The relationship between North and South deteriorated.
(ii) Action Group and the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons went into temporary alliance against the Northern People's Congress thus bridging relationships.
(iii) Granting of greater regional autonomy to the three regions.
(iv) Removal of power of intervention by the centre in all residual matters
(v) It led to the adoption of a federal system of government.

 

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