2022 NECO CRS / IRS (Essay & OBJ) Answers [28th July]
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NECO JUNE/JULY 2022 FREE CRS / IRS OBJ & ESSAY QUESTION AND ANSWER ROOM

Friday 29th July 2022
Christian Religious Studies (Objective & Essay)
3:00pm – 5:30pm
Islamic Studies (Objective & Essay)
3:00pm – 5:30pm

A. 2022 NECO CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS STUDIES (CRS) (OBJECTIVES) ANSWERS:

1-10: CDCACAECCE
11-20: DBBAEECDBA
21-30: DABBBDADBD
31-40: CDACDABECE
41-50: CDBEDBACBB
51-60: DBEDBACDDC

B. 2022 NECO CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS STUDIES (CRS) (ESSAY) ANSWERS: 

(1a)
Joshua gathered all Israel to Shechem and told the people their history from Abraham to Moses. He emphasized God’s abiding faith with Israel making them owners of the land of the Amorites. He reminded them of the saving acts of God in their history, that with all those favours, they must serve God and put away all foreign gods. Alternatively, they should decide on whom to serve. Joshua told the people that as for him and his family, they would serve the Lord. The Israelites also said they would put away other gods and serve the Lord, who had been faithful to them.
Joshua reminded them that God is Holy and jealous. That He will not forgive their sins or unfaithfulness, should they forsake God, they would be punished. He told them not to break their promise. He told the that they must put away all false gods and serve God with sincerity. Joshua wrote down the laws of God, put a stone to witness, should they deal falsely with God.

(1b)
(i) He had faith in God.
(ii) His ability to convince and advise the people to accept his views.
(iii) His courage to call the people together.

(2a)
Ahab was the king of Israel in Samaria. A man of Jezebel, named Naboth had his vineyard near Ahab’s palace. Ahab wanted to acquire the vineyard. Naboth was not willing to part with the land which he had inherited.
Ahab became disappointed and he refused to eat in his house. When the wife of Ahab (Jezebel) learnt of the cause of her husband’s unhappiness, she cheered him up and assured him that she would give the vineyard to him.
Jezebel wrote a letter in Ahab’s name and sealed it with his seal. In the letter, she directed the elders and the nobles who dwelt in the same city with Naboth to proclaim a fast and set Naboth among the people, with two base flows against him. The fellows should bring a charge against him saying that he cursed God and the king. The instruction was carried out. Naboth was killed and the people reported back to Jezebel that Naboth was dead.
On hearing this, she went to her husband (Ahab) and said “Arise, take possession of the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite, which he refused to give you for money; for Naboth is not alive but dead". Ahab took possession of the vineyard as soon as he heard of the death of Naboth.
The Lord was not happy with the murder of Naboth and He sent prophet Elijah to warn Ahab that dogs would lick his blood at the same spot where Naboth’s blood was licked up by dogs. When Elijah met Ahab to deliver the Lord’s message to him, Ahab asked him "have you found me, my enemy”? Elijah answered that he had found him and then told Ahab the grave punishment of death that awaited him and his posterity because of his wicked acts and idolatry. He told Ahab that Jezebel’s body would be eaten by dogs within the bound of Jezreel.
After hearing this message, Ahab fasted and mourned before the Lord. His humility and penitence pleased the Lord and so the Lord told Elijah that the punishment would not be visited on his family in Ahab’s days but would surely come to pass during the reign of his son.

(2b)
(i) By practicing generosity; being willing to give and share.
(ii) By being contented with what we have
(iii) By loving one another

(4a)
As Jesus went further after calling his first four disciples(Peter, Andrew, James, John), he saw a tax collector named Levi sitting at the tax office. He called him and the man followed him. Later the man made a feast in his house and Christ was there with many other tax collectors sitting at the table with him. This made the Pharisees murmur against Christ that he was eating and drinking with tax collectors and Sinners. To this allegation, Christ replied; “Those who are well have no need of physician, but those who are sick; I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.”  Thus, Levi, also called Matthew, was the fifth disciple to be called according to the gospel of Luke and other synoptic gospels. 


(4b)
Pick Any THREE 
(i) Jews sees tax collectors as sinners
(ii) They see them as reminder of Roman domination.
(iii) They see them as unclean.


(iv) They see them as backsliders and  betrayers.
(v) They see them as tool of foreign(Roman) oppression.

(9a)
(i) They should  look  after the flock of Christ with tenderness. 
(ii) They should not regard their assignment as a burden, rather, they should discharge their duties willingly. 
(iii) They should not tender the flocks  for shameful material gain but eagerness. 
(iv) They are not to be overbearing, but serving as true example/role model to the flock. 
(v) They would reap their due reward in due course when the Lord comes. 
(vi) Leaders should humble themselves under the mighty hand of God for God to exalt them. 
(vi) They must be sober and watchful because Satan is roaring around looking for whom to destroy. 
(vii) They should resist Satan at all costs and be firm in their faith. 
(viii) They are to Suffering for christ  as  part of the Christian life.

(9b)
(Pick Any THREE)
(i) Greed
(ii) Tribalism and nepotism
(iii) Problem of handling the youth
(iv) Rivalry between the youth and elders
(v) External opposition form Government
(vi) Gender issue 
(vii) Doctrinal issues
(viii) Declining faith among followers backsliding

C. 2022 NECO ISLAMIC RELIGIOUS STUDIES (IRS) OBJECTIVES (OBJ) ANSWERS: 

1-10: CBBDDBCCCC
11-20: DEDDBCBBBD
21-30: AACBBBDEDC
31-40: AEAAEBAACB
41-50: EAEBAADCAD
51-60: BDBCDADECB

D. 2022 NECO ISLAMIC RELIGIOUS STUDIES (IRS) THEORY (ESSAY) ANSWERS:

SECTION I (Answer only ONE QUESTION from this section

(1a)


بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ


أَلَمْ نَشْرَحْ لَكَ صَدْرَكَ ﴿١﴾ وَوَضَعْنَا عَنكَ وِزْرَكَ ﴿٢﴾ الَّذِي أَنقَضَ ظَهْرَكَ ﴿٣﴾ وَرَفَعْنَا لَكَ ذِكْرَكَ ﴿٤﴾ فَإِنَّ مَعَ الْعُسْرِ يُسْرًا﴿٥﴾ إِنَّ مَعَ الْعُسْرِ يُسْرًا ﴿٦﴾ فَإِذَا فَرَغْتَ فَانصَبْ ﴿٧﴾ وَإِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ فَارْغَب ﴿٨﴾



(1b)

(PICK ONLY THREE)

(i) This surah is usually recited as a request from Allah to increase us in knowledge.

(ii) The Surah teaches that hardship, tribulation etc would be followed by ease, success and prosperity as Allah did for the Prophet.

(iii) Allah raised the Prophet from a lowly position to a high position of honour and greatness.

(iv) The Surah teaches that those who endure nerve-racking tasks of calling people to Islam will attain glory and fame.

(v) The Surah teaches that no condition is permanent as relief comes after hardship.


(2a)

Revelation is an act of revealing or communicating divine truth or something that is revealed by God to humans.

Or

Revelation (wahy) means an information sent down by Almighty Allah to His Prophet or Messenger; related to an Islamic ruling or anything else, through a mediator (angel) or directly.


(2b)

(i) Inspiration

(ii) From behind a curtain

(iii) Through an Angel


(2c)

(i) Inspiration: These can come in the form of a dream or as a thought that comes into the mind. Sometimes the Prophets of Allah received His orders in a dream. When Prophet Ibrahim (AS) saw in a dream that he was sacrificing his son, Prophet Isma’il (AS), they both knew it was a command of Allah.


(ii) Through an angel: Allah usually used angel Jibreel (Gabriel) to send His commands to the prophets. Sometimes Jibreel would come in his own image, sometimes he would come as a man. Most of the messages sent through the angels were verbal, but occasionally, as with the Torah.


(iii) From behind a curtain; This means that the revelation comes indirectly. These can be low, buzzing or high-pitched sounds which are understood by a Prophet. Sometimes, Allah causes an object to speak. One of his attributes is Mutakallim, which means he can give speech to any object. In the case of Prophet Musa (AS), his first call was through a burning bush.


(3a)


 *بُنِيَ الْإِسْلَامُ عَلَى خَمْسٍ :* *شَهَادَةِ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ، وَأَنَّ* *مُحَمَّدًا* رَسُ


ولُ* *اللَّهِ* ، *وَإِقَامِ* *الصَّلَاةِ* , *وَإِيتَاءِ* *الزَّكَاةِ، وَالْحَجِّ، وَصَوْمِ رَمَضَانَ ".* 



 (3b)

Islam has been built on five [pillars]: testifying that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, establishing the salah (prayer), paying the zakat (obligatory charity), making the hajj (pilgrimage) to the House, and fasting in Ramadhan."


(3c)

(i) The Hadith teaches us that Islam was built on five pillars.

(ii) It also teaches that one must have faith before any other ibadah.


(5a)

Baadi refers to sujud you do after salam when you mistakenly add during salat. When you mistakenly add things such as rakat, more sujud, more kabara than expected, this is term as Baadi, then you need to observe Baadi by doing two sujud after tashahood and tesleem, then repeat tashahood and tasleem to finish your salat.


(5b)

Attahiyaatu lillahi

Alzaakiyaatu lillahi

Addayyibaatu salawaatu lillahi

Assalamu alaika

Ayyuhan nabiyu

Wa rahmatul laahi

Wa barakatuhu

Assalaamu alainaa

Wa Alaa ibaadillahii saalihina

Ash’ahadu an laa’ilaha illallahu

Wahdahu laa sharika lahu

Wa ash’hadu anna muhammadan abduhu wa rasuluhu

 All Prayer and worship, purely rendered through words, action and good deeds, are due to Allah. Peace be upon you my prophet, and the Mercy of Allah and His blessings may be showered upon you. Peace be upon us and upon the righteous servants of Allah.


(6a)

(i) Belief in one God (Tawhid)

(ii) Belief in angels (malaikah)

(iii) Belief in holy books (kutub)

(iv) Belief in the prophets (nubuwwah)

(v) Belief in the Day of Judgement and the afterlife (Akhirah) 

(vi) Belief in predestination (Al-Qadr)


(6b)

(i) It gives peace of mind that if all efforts fail it is the will of Allah

(ii) Reliance of Allah is increased

(iii) It reduces despair and depression as a result of misfortune

(vi) Over joyousness and pride over achievements and fortumes are eliminated since Allah is the source


(8)

Islam first came to West Africa as a slow and peaceful process, spread by Muslim traders and scholars. The early journeys across the Sahara were done in stages. Goods passed through chains of Muslim traders, purchased, finally, by local non-Muslims at the southern most end of the route.


In the 5th century transporting heavy loads long distance was made much easier by the introduction of the camel to the trade routes. There were many trading partners in Sub-Saharan Africa. Gold was the main commodity sought by the North. Until the first half of the 13th century the kingdom of Ghana was a key trading partner with the Muslim North.


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