2021 NECO GCE Civic Education (Essay & OBJ) Answers [20th December]

Get Free Live 2021 NECO GCE Civic Education (CIVIC) OBJ & THEORY Questions and Answers Free of Charge | NECO Nov/Dec Free Civic Education (Objectives and Theory) Questions and Answers EXPO Room (20th December, 2021).

NECO NOV/DEC 2021 FREE CIVIC EDUCATION (CIVIC) QUESTION AND ANSWER ROOM 
 
Monday 20th December, 2021
Civic Education Paper III & II (Objective & Essay): 2.00 pm – 4.40 pm

NECO GCE CIVIC EDUCATION (ESSAY) ANSWERS 2021:

(1a)
(i) Sore throat
(ii) Fever
(iii) Rash

(1b)
(i) Sexual contact: HIV is spread most commonly by sexual contact with an infected partner. The virus enters the body through the lining of the vagina, vulva, penis, rectum, or mouth during sexual activity.

(ii) Blood contamination: HIV may also be spread through contact with infected blood. However, due to the screening of blood for evidence of HIV infection, the risk of acquiring HIV from blood transfusions is extremely low.

(iii) Needles: HIV is frequently spread by sharing needles, syringes, or drug use equipment with someone who is infected with the virus. Transmission from patient to healthcare worker, or vice-versa through accidental sticks with contaminated needles or other medical instruments, is rare.

(1c)
Stigmatization of people living with HIV/AIDS is the process of devaluing people either living with or associated with HIV/AIDS infection. This is caused by lack of understanding of the illness, misconceptions about how HIV is transmitted, lack of access to treatment, irresponsible media reporting on the epidemic and the incurability of AIDS. This leads to negative effects such as depression, mental illness and poor recovery among people living with HIV/AIDS.

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(3a)
Public service is an organized body in which public servants serve to provide essential services for the welfare of citizens. It is usually non-profit making oriented agency and consists of government employees in ministries, departments and parastatals etc.

(3b)
(i) Encouraging citizen participation in governance: The quality of service rendered by public services will be much better if citizens participated in governance and have platforms on which to express grievances and give feedback. This participatory governance helps to encourage accountability because it puts members and managers of public enterprises on their toes. It ensures the public service is committed to ensuring the citizens get the services they deserve.
(ii) Improved salaries: The most important input in the public service is human resources. If the people who work and provide services on behalf of the government are not well motivated, there will continue to be a poor quality of work and poor national development.
(iii) Human capital development and training: The inefficiency of public servants in Nigeria can be traced to a lack of training and poor human development and management. When many get employed into public service, that is the end of training and self-development. This particularly slows down the efficiency of individual public servants because education is the driving force for national development.

(3c)
(i) Fire service
(ii) Air force
(iii) Education board

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(5)
(Choose any FIVE)
(i) Provision of income for the family: When the breadwinner of the family is gainfully employed, he or she will be able to meet the basic, and future needs of the family e.g. provision of food, payment of school fees, etc.

(ii) Economic growth: If employment is put in place for the citizens, they will be able to work and cater for themselves and not depend on the government. Therefore the government will have to spend less on the citizens and use her money for other needs in the country which therefore brings about growth in the economy.

(iii) Standard of saving and investment in the country: Income can only be generated from employment and through this medium, the citizens that are gainfully employed will be able to save some amount for future purposes, and this will help to boost the savings and investment in the country. This can help alleviate poverty in the future.

(iv) Sustainable productivity of the country: A country’s productivity can only be sustainable for its citizens in a situation where there are employments in place for the citizens and through this medium, poverty can be alleviated.

(v) Reduction of crime rate in the society: When people are gainfully employed, they will stay away from crimes since “an idle mind is the devil’s workshop” this will help the government to save more out of her crime-fighting fund.

(vi) Generation of funds for the government: When citizens are gainfully employed, it becomes easy for them to pay their taxes and rates, and this money can then be used to develop so many areas in the economy and alleviate poverty.

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(8)
(i) Poor functional roads: Many accidental occurrences while driving in Nigeria is as a result of bad roads. Many of our roads are inaccessible, too narrow, not developed, full of potholes.

(ii) Over speeding: Some road users have formed the habit of overspeeding each time they are on the road. Some believe in their ability to maneuver any difficult situation on the road, while others believe in their vehicle's ability to riggle out of any danger. But these perceptions are not always correct.

(iii) Poor driving behaviour: Many usually throw caution into the wind when driving. They drive recklessly trying to overtake others like it’s a car race competition, and also fail to adhere to simple traffic and driving rules and regulations.

(iv) Poor vehicle maintenance: Road users must ensure that their vehicles are in good condition before they hit the road. This way, road crashes caused by badly managed vehicles are avoided to the barest minimum. All parts of the vehicle must be checked and re-checked to ensure the vehicle is in perfect condition before embarking on any journey, however short.

(v) Use of mobile devices and gadgets while driving: Even with several warnings from government agencies concerning transportation, people still engage in dangerous behaviours such as making calls when driving, reading and replying to text messages, driving while watching videos from the car.
These reckless behaviours can cause disastrous accidents because even a split-second lack of concentration while driving can have grave consequences.


NECO GCE CIVIC EDUCATION (OBJECTIVE) ANSWERS 2021:

1-10: CDECCEDACC
11-20: BDDBCEEABB
21-30: CECCAECEBA
31-40: ABBBEDBCAD
41-50: CBDEDDEDDA
51-60: BEABEEBECB

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