2023 NECO Physical Education (Essay & OBJ) Answers [2nd August]
Get Free Live 2023 NECO June/July Physical Education (PHE) OBJ & Essay Questions and Answers Free of Charge | NECO June/July Free Physical Education (Objectives and Theory) Questions and Answers EXPO Room (2nd August, 2023).
NECO JUNE/JULY 2023 FREE PHYSICS OBJ & ESSAY (PHY) QUESTION AND ANSWER ROOM 

Wednesday, 2nd August 2023
Physical Education (Objective & Essay)
3:30pm - 5:30pm
 

A. 2023 NECO PHYSICAL EDUCATION OBJECTIVES (OBJ) ANSWERS:

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B. 2023 NECO PHYSICAL EDUCATION ESSAY (THEORY) ANSWERS:

(5a)
Wound is an injury to the body's tissue, typically involving a break or tear in the skin. Wounds can be caused by various factors, such as cuts, abrasions, punctures, or lacerations. Proper wound care and treatment are essential to promote healing and prevent infections

(5b)
(PICK ANY FOUR)

(i)Incised Wound
(ii)Abrasion wound
(iii)Laceration wound
(iv)Puncture Wound
(v) Avulsion wound
(vi)Gunshot Wound

(5c)
(i)Assess the situation: Ensure safety and call for medical help if needed.
(ii)Wash hands: Before touching the wound, wash your hands with soap and water if possible.
(iii)Control bleeding: Apply direct pressure with a clean cloth to control any bleeding
(iv)Clean the wound: Gently rinse the wound with clean water to remove dirt and debris.
(v)Apply antiseptic: Apply an antiseptic solution or ointment around the wound to prevent infection
(vi)Cover the wound: Use a sterile bandage or dressing to cover and protect the wound.
(vii)Change dressing: Regularly change the dressing to keep the wound clean.


(5d)
Haemorrhage  is a medical term used to describe excessive bleeding from blood vessels, either internally or externally. It can occur due to various factors, such as injury, trauma, surgery, or medical conditions. Haemorrhage can be mild or severe, and in some cases, it can be life-threatening if not promptly treated.

(1a)
Institutional sports refer to organized sports activities or competitions that are typically conducted within educational institutions, such as schools, colleges, and universities.

(1b)
(PICK ANY FOUR)
(i) College basketball
(ii) High school football
(iii) Intramural athletics
(iv) College soccer
(v) University rugby
(vi) Club sports
(vii) Intercollegiate athletics

(1c)
(PICK ANY FOUR)
(i) To promote university sport at the highest level among the Nigerian students.
(ii) To encourage cultural, social and scientific exchanges between Nigerian universities and other African countries.
(iii) To create a sporting environment suitable for the students to develop their physical and mental capabilities.
(iv) To promote fair play and sportsmanship among Nigerian students.
(v) To support the development of quality sports facilities for the Nigerian university games.
(vi) To provide guidance and technical support to Nigerian universities in the organization of sports activities.
(vii) To foster collaborative relationships with both public and private sector partners in order to promote the development of sports in Nigeria.

(3a)
Sport injury is an injury that occurs while participating in sports or any physical activity. These injuries can range from mild to severe and may affect various parts of the body, such as muscles, ligaments, tendons, bones, or joints.

(3b)
(PICK ANY FOUR)

(i)Sprain injury
(ii)Strain injury
(iii)Fracture injury
(iv)Dislocation injury
(v)Contusion (Bruise) injury
(vi)Concussion injury

(3c)
(PICK ANY FOUR)

(i)Poor technique or form: Using incorrect body mechanics or improper techniques while performing sports movements can lead to strains, sprains, and other injuries.

(ii)Lack of proper warm-up and stretching: Failing to warm up adequately before physical activity can increase the risk of muscle and ligament injuries.

(iii)Overexertion: Pushing the body beyond its physical limits, especially without adequate rest and recovery, can result in overuse injuries like stress fractures, tendonitis, and muscle strains.

(iv)Inadequate protective gear or equipment: Not using appropriate protective gear, such as helmets, pads, or proper footwear, can increase the risk of head injuries, fractures, and other preventable accidents.

(v)Contact with other players or objects: In contact sports, collisions with other players or objects can lead to concussions, dislocations, and various musculoskeletal injuries.

(vi)Sudden changes in direction or speed: Abrupt movements without proper preparation can cause sprains, strains, and tears in ligaments and muscles, especially if the athlete isn't conditioned for such movements.

(6a)
Drowning refers to the process of suffocation caused by submersion in water or any other liquid, resulting in the inability to breathe and potential loss of life.

(6b)
(PICK ANY FOUR)
(i) Keep the pool area well-lit and secure with fencing or a locking gate.
(ii) Learn how to swim and supervise children while swimming.
(iii) Don’t leave toys or objects near the pool that can attract a child.
(iv) Wear a life-jacket when in an open body of water.
(v) Do not dive head first into shallow water.
(vi) Have safety equipment, such as a life hook, on hand.
(vii) Keep rescue equipment, including a phone, close by at all times.

(6c)
(i) Butterfly stroke requires the arms to move simultaneously in circular motions WHILE front stroke requires the arms to alternate in strokes.
(ii) Butterfly stroke uses more core strength to power the body through the water, WHILE front stroke relies more on the arms and legs.

(4a)
Somatotype refers to a categorization or classification of body types based on physical characteristics such as weight distribution, bone structure, and muscle development. It was developed by psychologist William Sheldon and includes three main body types: ectomorphs (thin), mesomorphs (medium build) and endomorphs (muscular).

(4b)
(PICK ANY TWO)
(i) Compound fractures involve a break in the bone and an open wound while complicated fractures may not involve an open wound.
(ii) Compound fractures are more difficult to treat than complicated fractures as they involve external contamination by bacteria.
(iii) In compound fractures, the bone is exposed to the outside environment, while in complicated fractures the bone remains covered by skin or other tissue.
(iv) Compound fractures are more painful than complicated fractures due to the presence of an open wound.
(iv) Compound fractures usually take longer to heal than complicated fractures.

(4c)
(PICK ANY FOUR)
(i) Proper nutrition: Eating healthy foods that are rich in vitamins and minerals helps maintain good physical and mental health.
(ii) Regular Exercise: Regular exercise helps improve metabolism, increase muscle strength, and reduce risk for various illnesses and diseases.
(iii) Adequate Sleep: Getting enough sleep helps boost energy, enhance focus, and improve mood.
(iv) Stress Management: Learning how to manage stress can help reduce anxiety and depression.
(v) Regular Health Screenings: Staying up-to-date with medical examinations helps detect any potential health problems early on.
(vi) Mental Health: Taking time to practice self-care and engage in activities that promote mental and emotional wellbeing can help boost overall health.
(vii) Avoiding Substance Use: Avoiding or limiting alcohol and drug use can help keep individuals safe from any potential harm.


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